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Launch of Anaee-France, a national network for studying ecosystems

Anaee-France, a network encompassing the main French ecosystems research platforms, including man-managed ecosystems, was launched on 14 February 2013 at the Toulouse Museum. This unique network, driven by the CNRS, Inra and Joseph Fourier University in Grenoble, aims at revitalizing research in fields such as gene-environment interactions, biodiversity or evolution of ecosystems, as well as the impact of human activities on ecosystems.

Le climat change,  la nature et l’agriculture aussi !,Prairies, effet de serre et changement climatique. Dispositif expérimental
By the CNRS Press Office (+33 (0)1 44 96 46 06) - Inra Poitou-Charentes Communications department (+33 (0)5 49 55 61 39)
Updated on 05/06/2014
Published on 02/15/2013

From designing an experiment to modelling the results, Anaee-France (Analyses and experiments on ecosystems) offers researchers a comprehensive range of services. The services are structured around various platforms for studying the dynamics of ecosystems in natural, semi-natural or controlled environments, and predicting their evolution in the face of climate change. Funded within the framework of the Investments for the Future programme "Biology and health infrastructures", Anaee-France will serve as a pilot study to devise and implement the Anaee-Europe project.

The objective of Anaee-France is to provide the tools and skills required to address this environmental issue which is key to the future of humanity. The biological resources and ecological services are the basis of the welfare and survival of societies. Scientific research must therefore endeavour to understand ecosystem dynamics and attempt to predict their evolution in relation to climate change. This integrated network, equipped with the finest experimental facilities, will enable researchers to address questions and test hypotheses which could not be addressed before.

Anaee-France is structured around three services:
• Platforms for conducting experiments in controlled conditions where the environmental variables can be varied at will and all the matter and energy flows measured in an enclosed chamber. These facilities are provided by the major Ecotron research infrastructure;
• Three semi-natural experimental platforms for manipulating communities of organisms in terrestrial or aquatic conditions;
• About 20 locations in mainland France and in Guyana where long-term experiments can be undertaken on forests, meadows, or crops. These locations are incorporated in the Environmental Research Observation and Experimentation Systems (SOERE), endorsed by the National Alliance for Environmental Research Allenvi, and include SOERE Agro-ecosystems, biogeochemical cycles and biodiversity (ACBB) which is comprised of three sites located in Picardy, Auvergne and Poitou-Charentes.

Anaee-France also invests in microbiological analytical resources as microbiology is a major aspect of most environmental issues (capture of CO2, soil fertility, biodiversity and biogeochemical cycles) and can thus be studied using specific instrumentation. Mobile units for collecting and conditioning samples, analytical resources for characterising microbial biodiversity, as well as imagery resources dedicated to studying animal or plant phenotypes, are amongst the tools deployed by the network.

Anaee-France, with a total funding of 14 million Euros until 2020, is directed by Jean Clobert, CNRS research director, and André Chanzy, research director at Inra. The facility will serve as a pilot for the development of the Anaee-Europe project in progress to study ecosystems on a continental scale.

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